The Hindu Wedding Ceremony
The marriage ceremony is conducted according to Vedic tradition with prayers found in India’s ancient Vedas. Many Indian weddings are confusing for family members and guests due to complex rituals without explanation. All weddings are conducted with full English explanation and audience participation.
1.Ganesh Puja - Worship of Lord Ganesh by the bride.
2. Milni - This is to welcome the groom and his family as they arrive. Once the groom has taken his place, the bride, usually accompanied by her maternal uncle, is invited to take her place.
3. Anterapat - A cloth is placed between the couple. The Brahmin (priest) will perform the Sanskrit Mantra and the cloth will then be removed. Traditionally this is the first time the couple will have seen each other.
4. Introduction - This is a brief explanation of the meaning of a Vedic marriage.
5. Achaman - Holy water from the Ganges is used to cleanse and purify.
6. Kumbha Sthapana - The Brahmin (priest) invites Lord Vishnu to join the ceremony. He then explains the ‘definition’
of the marriage and its commitments as outlined in the Vedic Scriptures.
7. Sankalpa - The Brahmin announces where, when and between whom the marriage is taking place.
8. Hastamandap - The Brahmin performs the ceremony to unite both families
9. Kanyadan - This is the most important part of the ceremony. The Bride’s father gives her away to the Groom’s family. This is considered the greatest Dana (gift). The act is confirmed by the exchange of garlands between the bride and groom.
10. Agni Sthapana - The installation of the sacred fire
11. Sindur - The Husband puts red coloured Kum Kum on the parting in the hair of the bride
12. Mangal Sutra - Similar to concept of the English Wedding Ring – a golden necklace is presented on a coconut by
the Groom’s mother to the Bride.
13. Havan - A fire Sacrifice (Havan) is performed by the priest.
14. Mangal Fera - The fire (Havan) is considered the witness to the whole ceremony. The ceremony here consists of
the couple walking around the fire four times, which represents the four aspects of life.
· Dharma - Religious Duties
· Artha - Economic Development
· Kama - Fruitive Work
· Moksa - Liberation
15. Purnahuti - Final offerings are made to the Sacrimonial fire.
16. Sapta-Padi - The bridal couple, receive blessings from the priest and everyone present.
17. Kansar - This is an exchange of Sweets between the couple as a symbolic gesture that they will provide for each
other’s needs and prosperity in their household life.
18. Ashirwad - Blessings from the bride and groom’s family that concludes the wedding ceremony.
Raghupati Raghava raja Ram , Patita pavana Sita Ram
Sita Ram jaya Sita Ram, Bhaja pyare tu Sita Ram
Divine Lord Rama, you have appeared in the Raghu Dynasty
O divine couple Sita and Rama you are the saviours of the fallen souls